This article outlines and explains the term training in sports and its requirements in praxis. It aims to raise awareness to the need of structure in training sessions. Requirements of an organized training are argued.
Requirements on a sports training
Let’s start from an encompassing view and work with some terms and definitions. According to German Wikipedia, training in sport refers to the practice of complex action sequences with the aim of the planned and factual influence on the performance status and performance representation in proofing situations.
- When applied to Jugger sport, complex action sequences can be understood as the technique and the interplay of the players on the field.
- Planned and factual impact can be interpreted as a structured and reproducible execution of these techniques and tactics.
- The performance of a player represents his technical abilities, his tactical ability, and his physical (athletic) condition.
- Behind the somewhat cumbersome term performance representation in proofing situations hides to what extent a player (team) can convert or even surpass the learned skills under tournament conditions.
In summary, the requirements for a Jugger training are learning and preservation of Jugger-relevant technique, team tactics and athletics and their execution under tournament conditions.
Categories and Terms
For a better understanding of the published articles, the following terms are defined in the Jugger coaching context. Based on the analysis of training in sports, these terms will define the skill categories for the structured Jugger training.
- Technique describes one’s own playing ability. It includes the weapon handling and footwork ability as well as the execution of recurring game elements such as pinning mechanics, Quick fights, etc.
- Tactics describes the coordinated interplay of several players, with the aim to gain an advantage on the field. Examples are positioning and fighting behavior of players in outnumbered situations or crossing maneuvers in line-play.
- Athletics include the physical performance of a player. Athletic factors are condition(strength, endurance, speed), sprint technique, bounce, non-duel legwork as well as overall coordination and agility.
These three aspects should be covered and advanced in every training session. At best, every session contains some exercise for each of the fields. In time you can tap all aspects of the game, then you can go deeper into the details. Do not forget to repeat often.
It’s also important not to forget the fourth and unwritten requirement: Fun!
A simplified exemplary Structure for a training sessions.
Before performing exercises of playing, ones body and mind should be warmed up. This involved getting muscles warm, a high pulse at least once and to activate the typical motorics the players use on the field. Basic injury preventing exercises should be included in the warm-up.
Longer and more detailed warmup will include physical exercises and personal technique, but it’s better for a introducing structures to start with a simple warmup and doing it every time.
Exercises for building good weapon handling and footwork. Even the best players are advised to revise and train their technique regularly. Explicitly training technique enables the players to perform complex action sequences (remember?) intuitively in field play.
Performing your weapon skills in an organized manner with other players on the field. Positioning of the players and situational shifts in play-style will have an factual influence on the game. But only when specifically trained.
Playing the actual game (or some few-player alternatives) will combine all the Jugger relevant skills. The isolated trained techniques and tactics will have to be transitioned into the actual game. Also, all aspects have to work together at some degree. Don’t forget to enjoy yourself while playing!
After the training, some kind of soft exercise should be performed to reduce muscle tension and relaxing the body. Even when it’s short, it should be done so that the players won’t go home with the intensity of a Jugger game in their heads and motions. “Tryhards” sometimes do some kind of physical training before cooling down. When intense physical exercises were performed during the training, stretching must be mandatory.
This should be enough structure to design a basic training sessions or improvise when nothing was prepared. All presented topics and more sophisticated training structures will be covered in a later articles, alongside with an exercise catalog and how to arrange them.
Using a simple structure with lots of repetition in the sessions is very important for you success, when you introduce training to a new team. A regular procedure of warm-up and cool-down helps a lot bringing those folks together, focused and reduces injuries. This ritualization of the sessions takes a lot of work off the coach, who then has time to do other, more important things.
Coaching Basics II – Reoccurring injuries and preventive measures